One of the main reasons why quantum computers arouse the imagination and hopes of many people around the world is the ability to significantly increase the speed of calculations compared to classical computers. Unfortunately, it will probably be many years before we see quantum computers in everyday life. However, there are already algorithms that can perform certain tasks faster than classical computers. One such algorithm is the Grover search algorithm.
One of the fundamental phenomena in quantum physics and computer programming is quantum entanglement. This phenomenon occurs in the case of two quantum particels which are entangled and that causes that making a measurement on one of these qubits will not only determine the value for this qubit, but will also determine the value for the other qubit, immediately. Regardless of the distance between them. The CNOT gate described in the previous article is most often used to entangle qubits. However, nothing stands in the way of entangling more qubits in more advanced algorithms.
Before we go directly to writing code and start creating our first quantum programs, it is necessary to prepare the environment. Q# can be run in Visual Studio, Visual Studio Code or using python and Jupyter Notebooks. In this walkthrough, you will work using Visual Studio 2022.
Q# is a programming language used by Microsoft to perform quantum computing. This language is similar in many respects to the C# language of the same manufacturer, but it has operations that allow you to work on quantum objects. Below is a shorthand syntax for this language.
Quantum computing, as well as the entire field of quantum mechanics, is currently a strongly researched branch of knowledge with high hopes. Cryptography, communication, scientific and research works, biological or chemical industries are just some of the fields that could revolutionize computers of this type.